How to make the perfect Spaghetti Cacio e Pepe, an easy 4 ingredient pasta that comes together in minutes.
How to make the perfect Spaghetti Cacio e Pepe, an easy 4 ingredient pasta that comes together in minutes.

The first time I had Cacio e Pepe (literally “cheese and pepper”), was after a very long day at work. A co-worker suggested Lupa, his favorite trattoria which was just a few block away. We took a seat under the warm glow of globe lights hanging over the dark wooden counter and my companion suggested the Bavette Cacio e Pepe. I was starving and felt like something more substantial but I acquiesced in the end. The pasta that came out didn’t look like much but under the black pepper flecked pale yellow facade was a pasta unlike anything I’d ever eaten.

With only a handful of ingredients, it may sound a bit mundane, but don’t let the simple ingredients fool you, there’s nothing simple about the taste of this dish. With a nutty creamy sauce bursting with umami and accented by the warm bite of black pepper it’s seductively good in all the right ways. Texture-wise, the pasta is al denté with a firm toothsome bite and the occasional crunch and seething heat from the pepper makes every bite exciting.

Grated Parmigiano-Reggiano for Cacio e Pepe

Preparation-wise, Cacio e Pepe is a relatively uncomplicated dish to execute: boil the pasta and then toss with butter, cheese and black pepper. But despite its tweet-worthy brevity, your technique will quite literally make or break this pasta. The key lies in the amount of heat applied when combining the ingredients. Not enough heat and the cheese melts and clumps together leaving you with a chunky watery mess. Too much heat and all the water evaporates and the proteins and fat in the cheese separate out leaving you with an oily coagulated mess.

There are generally two methods to making Cacio e Pepe. The first involves mixing the pasta with the butter, cheese and pepper in a bowl and then adding the hot pasta. The second is to combine the ingredients in a skillet. After a lot of testing, the skillet method yielded more consistent results with the key being to work quickly. Taking the skillet off the heat after you’ve added the pasta helps slows things down a bit, but if you still find your pasta oily and sauceless, try adding a bit more pasta liquid at the beginning. Because Pecorino Romano is saltier and has a more pungent aroma, I like sprinkling it on at the end, otherwise the delicate flavor of the Parmigiano-Reggiano gets drowned out.

Although Cacio e Pepe may not be the easiest pasta to master, this is one of those staple dishes that everyone should have in their repertoire because the techniques for making a great Cacio e Pepe apply for almost any pasta dish.

A pasta dish that comes together in under 10 minutes from 4 ingredients, Pepe e Cacio is simple yet delicious!

Cacio e PepeHow to make the perfect Spaghetti Cacio e Pepe, an easy 4 ingredient pasta that comes together in minutes.


  • CuisineItalian
  • Yield1 serving
  • Cooking Time7 minutes
  • Preperation Time0 minutes
  • Total Time7 minutes


4 cups
1 teaspoon
75 grams
1 tablespoon
cultured unsalted butter
15 grams
Parmigiano-Reggiano (grated)
1/4 teaspoon
black pepper (freshly ground)
Pecorino Romano (to taste)


  1. Boiling spaghetti for Cacio e Pepe
    Bring the water and salt to a boil. Boil the spaghetti until it's just a bit shy of being al denté (about 7 minutes).
  2. When the pasta is almost done, spoon 3 tablespoon of cooking liquid into a skillet, turn on the heat to medium-high, and then drain the pasta.
  3. Emulsify the pasta cooking liquid with butter to make base for the Cacio e Pepe
    When the reserved pasta water is boiling, whisk in the butter until the mixture is emulsified.
  4. Add the pasta and toss to coat evenly.
  5. The best Spaghetti Cacio e Pepe Recipe
    Turn off the heat and then sprinkle the Parmigiano-Reggiano and black pepper evenly over the pasta and use tongs to toss the spaghetti and coat evenly. Plate and serve immediate with a generous dose of Pecorino Romano grated on top and additional black pepper to taste.