Larb (Lao: ລາບ; Thai: ลาบ) is the original lettuce wrap, most commonly associated with Thai Isan cuisine, but originating in Laos. Although it's a meat based salad, the preparation and seasonings make it taste light and refreshing, and yet it's satisfying enough to be turned into a balanced meal with a plate full of fresh veggies.
Sublimely balanced between tart, spicy, savory and sweet tastes, and accented by the fresh flavors of mint and culantro, Larb is a perfect late summer dish along with a plateful of leafy greens and an ice cold beer.
While I see a lot of people stir-fry their larb, I prefer poaching the meat in a little galangal infused water. The galangal mellows out the porcine funk, while the low temperature cooking keeps the meat tender. Best of all, by draining off the excess water when the pork is cooked, you also drain off a lot of the excess fat, keeping this dish relatively light.
Another thing that often gets missed in Western interpretations of Larb is the Khao Kua (ข้าวคั่ว). Khao Kua is a coarse powder made from toasted rice that not only gives the salad a marvelous crunch, it also brings a nutty flavor that's somewhere between popcorn and rice crackers. While it's traditionally made in a wok on the stove, I prefer doing it in the oven because the rice browns more evenly and it doesn't require any stirring. I usually make a big batch of this as it's great on any salad, and having it on hand greatly reduces the amount of time needed to make a batch of Larb. When you make Khao Kua, please be sure to use long-grain sticky rice for this. I've tried it with other types of rice and they tend to be much harder and leave a gritty texture in your mouth.
You can make Larb with any kind of ground meat and you could even do a vegan version with a vegetarian meat substitute and soy sauce in place of the fish sauce. As for the less common ingredients, culantro(pictured below) is a saw-toothed leafy herb that's commonly used in Southeast Asian as well as Latin American cuisines. Although it's in a different genus from cilantro, it does have a similar taste, so if you can't find it near you, you can substitute cilantro.
Galangal is a root that looks a bit like ginger but has a taste like Sarsaparilla (i.e. root beer), if you can't find it, you can omit it, or substitute ginger (though it will have a different taste). As for the lemongrass, it's becoming easier to find in upscale western supermarkets, but if you can't find it, just skip it, as there's no good substitute.
Nothing about this salad is hard to do, but you need to have all the prep done as the pork cooks in a matter of seconds.
- ¼ cup long-grain sticky rice (sometimes called glutinous rice)
- 2 tablespoons lime juice
- 1 ½ tablespoons fish sauce
- 2 teaspoons chili flakes (to taste)
- 1 teaspoon coconut sugar
- 1 small head butter lettuce (leaves separated)
- 20 grams Thai shallots (3-4 grape-sized , sliced)
- 20 grams scallions (2 , thinly sliced)
- 12 grams lemongrass (1 stalk, white-part finely minced)
- 10 grams culantro (or cilantro, chopped)
- 10 grams mint (leaves only)
- 10 grams galangal (about ½-inch slice, smashed)
- 300 grams ground pork
- Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F (205 C) and place the rice on a baking sheet. Roast the rice for 12-15 minutes, or until the rice is golden brown and smells like popcorn.
- Let the rice cool a bit while you prepare the other ingredients, then grind it into a coarse powder (should be like large grains of sand) using a spice grinder, blender, or mortar and pestle.
- For the dressing, combine the lime juice, fish sauce, chili flakes and sugar in a small bowl and stir to dissolve the sugar.
- Prepare all the vegetables for the salad. For the lettuce you may want to soak the leaves in cold water to crisp them, but be sure to dry them thoroughly before serving. You can put the shallots, scallions, lemongrass, culantro and mint in the same bowl, as they will be going into the pork together.
- Add the galangal along with ¼ cup of water to a pan and bring to a boil.
- Add the pork and cook, breaking up the meat with a spatula. When the pork is cooked through turn off the heat and dump the pork into a strainer to remove the excess water Pick out the galangal and return the pork to the pan.
- Add the dressing, shallots, scallions, lemongrass, culantro and mint and give it a few tosses to evenly distribute. Do not cook the Larb any more.
- Plate the Larb Mu and top with some of the toasted rice powder. Serve with the lettuce, additional herbs and wedges of lime.