With the drab greys and browns of winter in the city blooming with splashes of pale greens and pinks, spring is definitely in the air. But before we put away the earthenware crocks for the season, I wanted to share one last stew for those unpredictably chilly days that seem to drop by when we least expect them.
Doenjang Jjigae (된장 찌개) is not much to look at, and it's often called Korean miso soup, but that is really doing it a disservice as the two are nothing alike. Beneath its earth-toned surface lies a hearty stew that's loaded with big chunky vegetables and creamy tofu. Like it's spicier sibling Kimchi Jjigae, the broth is redolent of garlic, but this stew gets its heat from green chili peppers and a bit of funk from the Doenjang. Served in the pot it's cooked in, it usually comes out still boiling, which makes it a perfect way to warm up on a chilly spring evening.
The broth is traditionally made using the rinse water from when you wash the rice before cooking it. This is not only a way to prevent wasting something from an era when people had very little, it also adds a bit of body to the broth. The umami in the broth comes from myeolchi, or baby anchovies. While you can use them whole, the head and stomach areas tend to be bitter and fishy, which is why it's better to remove them before using them. To do this, simply pinch the head and lower part of the abdomen with you fingers and snap them off.
Although you can really add anything you want to this stew, I've made a fairly basic version with potatoes, Korean zucchini, onion, green chiles, shiitake mushrooms and tofu. While most of these ingredients are available in Asian grocery stores as well as online, if you have problems finding some of the ingredients I've used, here are some substitutions:
doenjang (된장) - Although doenjang is a fermented soybean paste, the process by which it is made is quite different from Japanese miso, giving it a unique flavor that can't really be compared to miso. It's much more robust and has a funky nutty aroma. If you can't find it, you can try and look for Chinese bean paste instead.
ae-hobak (애호박) - These are korean zucchinis. They are light green in color and tend to be fatter and more uniform in thickness from end to end. The texture is a bit more dense than western zucchini, making it perfectly suited for using in stews like this as it won't disintegrate. If you can't find it near you, you can substitute western zucchini.
cheong-gochu (청고추) - These are mildly spicy Korean green chili peppers. they tend to be about 6-8 inches long and can be straight or a little curled. If you can't find them where you live or prefer something milder, substitute Anaheim chiles. If you can't find them and what something spicier use Jalapeno or Serrano chiles.
myeolchi (멸치) - These are often labeled baby anchovies or baby sardines and can be found in most Asian grocery stores. The Japanese name is Niboshi is sometimes used.
- 6 grams Myeolchi (10 large baby sardines)
- 2 ½ cups water
- 9 grams garlic (1 extra large clove)
- 160 grams potato (1 medium , ½-inch cubes)
- 140 grams ae-hobak (½ korean zucchini, ½-inch cubes)
- 120 grams onion (½ large , chopped)
- 40 grams cheong-gochu (2 korean green chili peppers, chopped)
- 35 fresh shiitake mushrooms (2 mushrooms)
- ¼ cup doenjang
- 300 grams tofu (cut into 1-inch cubes)
- Add the myeolchi to a heavy bottomed pot such as traditional Korean ttukbaegi and add 2.5 cups of cloudy rinse water from washing rice. You can also just use plain water. Bring this to a medium boil and cook for 5 minutes to extract the stock from the fish. At this point you can either remove the fish, or just leave it in there for some added protein.
- Add the garlic, potato, ae-hobak, onion, cheong-gochu, shiitake mushrooms, and doenjang and keep at a medium boil until the potatoes are tender.
- Add the tofu and continue to cook until the tofu has been warmed through. Adjust the doenjang to taste and serve directly out of the pot with a bowl of rice.
The cheong-gochu almost look like goat horn peppers.
Omer M-Jung says
This came out delicious but a bit milder than the Korean one my MIL and family make. I doubled the amount of doen-jjang and it was gobbled up.
Marc Matsumoto says
Hi Omer, glad to hear you enjoyed it. Doenjang tends to vary in saltiness, so it's possible the one you were using was less salty than the one I used. Glad to hear you were able to make adjustments to make it work!
Omer M-Jung says
Mike Javick says
Mashesayo Dongducheon Mike
Hi, I'm just wondering how important the anchovies are to the recipe? Is there something I can use to replace these?
Marc Matsumoto says
Hi VRM, the anchovies create the stock for the soup. Leaving them out is kind of like making chicken soup without any chicken in it. There are other ways to make stock though so if you tell me the reason why you want to leave it out (i.e. not available, make it plant-based, etc), I might be able to help you find an alternative.