In Japan, where the ingredients, the colors, and even the temperature of a dish changes with the seasons, the hot sticky months of summer bring with them a whole host of seasonal dishes. Chilled dishes replace steamy hotpots, and whether it’s tofu, soup, or noodles, there’s a good chance you’ll find a cold preparation to help ease the oppressive heat.
While ramen shops still sell their unctuous bowls of steaming noodles in summer, they nearly always have chilled ramen called Hiyashi Chūka Soba (冷やし中華そば) on the menu during the summer months. The name, which literally means “chilled Chinese soba,” can be a little confusing because we all associate “soba” with buckwheat noodles, but until fairly recently, ramen was referred to as chūka soba (Chinese soba) in Japan. These days most people have shortened the name of this chilled ramen salad and refer to it as simply Hiyashi Chūka.
A bed of chilled noodles topped with a vibrant patchwork of color, Hiyashi Chūka is the kind of dish that gets your appetite going when all you can think about is jumping into an ice-cold pool. The curly toothsome noodles are dressed with a nutty sesame sauce that’s subtly creamy with a mild sweetness and acidity, which strikes a magical balance between rich and refreshing. The best part is that it’s easy to make, and involves only a few minutes of cooking time: good news if your kitchen isn’t air-conditioned.
Hiyashi Chūka by definition is made with ramen noodles, but in Japan, ramen noodles come in dozens of varieties. I like using thin curly yellow noodles for this as they have a nice texture when chilled and the kinks in the noodles help them hold onto the toppings as you slurp the noodles. If you can't find fresh ramen noodles near you, you can also do this with other types of noodles such as udon, soba, or somen, but the name of the dish would become hiyashi udon, hiyashi soba, or hiyashi somen.
The toppings can be subdivided into three broad categories: proteins, vegetables, and garnishes. There is a lot of room for improvisation here, and I encourage you to experiment with what's in season around you.
Protein - The most common proteins are ham, egg, shredded chicken, and seafood such as shrimp or imitation crab, but the skies the limit here and I've made Hiyashi Chuka with everything from leftover roast beef to fresh mozzarella. There are also a bunch of plant-based vegan-friendly options such as edamame and tofu.
Vegetables - Summer vegetables that can be eaten raw such as cucumbers, lettuce, and tomatoes are the most common toppings for Hiyashi Chuka, but this is a very flexible area. Corn, carrots, and even broccoli make for delicious toppings for this dish, and I'd even venture to say the best vegetables are the ones you already have in the fridge.
Garnish - Here's another area you where you can use your imagination. The traditional garnishes are things like benishōga (reg pickled ginger), sesame seeds, and kaiware sprouts, but you can have fun with different herbs such as shiso, basil, or even mint. I also like to add some texture in the garnishes so that you can try things like crumbled rice crackers, potato chips, or even tobiko.
There are a lot of options here, and if you're in a rush, using a bottled dressing is perfectly acceptable. That being said, in Japan, the dressings generally fall into two categories: vinegar-based and sesame-based. The distinction is a bit confusing as they both include toasted sesame oil, but the former tends to be lighter while the latter is more creamy thanks to the addition of ground sesame seeds and sesame paste.
Soy Sauce Vinaigrette - This style of dressing is light and tangy with a balancing sweetness and a hint of nutty sesame oil. The ingredients are usually soy sauce, rice vinegar, sugar, white pepper and ginger.
Creamy Sesame - This style of sauce starts with similar ingredients to the Soy Sauce Vinaigrette, but it also includes ground sesame seeds and nerigoma (sesame paste). The latter gives the sauce some body so that it's great for coating the noodles and toppings while adding a rich earthiness that's just irresistible.
It's worth noting that if you like spicy, you can add heat to either of these dressings by adding some rayu (chili oil), or your favorite Asian chili sauce such as sriracha or doubanjiang.
Although there is practically an infinite number of variations of this cold ramen salad, here are some fun ideas for a non-traditional Hiyashi Chuka:
Italian-style - Fresh mozzarella, tomatoes, and basil, dressed with a balsamic vinaigrette.
Vietnamese-style - char siu, pickled daikon, carrots, cilantro, and jalapeno, dressed with nước chấm.
Mexican-style - corn, taco meat, tomatoes, and guacamole, dressed with a cilantro lime dressing.
Hiyashi Chuka is 5 syllables and is pronounced as follows:
hi like heat
ya like yard
shi like sheet
chu like chew
ka like carp
Other Chilled Noodle Recipes
- 2 tablespoons water
- 2 tablespoons soy sauce
- 2 tablespoons tahini
- 2 tablespoons rice vinegar
- 2 teaspoons toasted sesame oil
- 2 teaspoons evaporated cane sugar
- 1 teaspoon grated ginger
- ⅛ teaspoon salt
- ⅛ teaspoon white pepper
- Make the dressing by whisking together the water, soy sauce, tahini, rice vinegar, sesame oil, sugar, ginger, salt and white pepper until the dressing is emulsified.
- Prepare all the toppings.
- Boil the noodles according to the package directions.
- Drain the noodles and wash them with running cold water to remove any excess starch from the surface of the noodles.
- Put the noodles in a bowl of ice water to chill them, and then drain the noodles well, removing any excess ice.
- Split the noodles between two bowls, and then drizzle with some of the dressing.
- Arrange the cucumber, tomatoes, ham, and usuyaki tamago on top of the noodles and then garnish with sesame seeds. Serve the hiyashi chuka with extra dressing on the side.